The Colver/Culver Family in America
"On 8 April 1776 he again enlisted for 1 year as Sergeant under Capt. Parmalee and was attached to Col. Elmore's Regiment. He marched to German Flats, NY where he raised the "Piquet Forts", then onto Fort Stanwix, NY where on 18 December 1776, he was listed as a casualty and sent home on furlough to Farmington for 20 days. He again enlisted on 27 February 1778 for the term of the war under Capt. Judd's company, Colonel Samuel Willis' Regiment. He was listed as a Sergeant on 1 August 1780 when he was injured carrying timber to build winter huts and fell with a heavy log on his shoulder, injuring his left leg. He was transferred to Col. Lewis Nocola's Regiment "The Corps of Invalid" on 1 (or 2) April 1781 and served with them until his discharge on 23 April 1783" (National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution application #805774).
Map from: The West Point Atlas of American Wars. ed. Vincent J. Esposito. New York: Frederick A. Praeger Publishers, 1959, detail, map 6.
"In one of the engagements with the enemy he was captured and while a prisoner was compelled to unload a cargo of salt, carrying the heavy sacks from the ship. So persistently was he kept at work that the flesh was fairly ground off his back, resulting in deep scars, which he carried to his grave. He and three others eventually escaped. When Sergeant Timothy Culver was placed on the pension roll in 1818 (Pension # 540871) for services, he was residing in Bradford County, Pennsylvania" (National Society ofthe Daughters of the American Revolution application #805774).
More on 5th Generation Timothy Culver
THE LIFE & TRAVELS OF SERGEANT TIMOTHY CULVER PATRIOT
Timothy Culver was born on the 29th of December 1741 at Woodbury, Litchfield County, Connecticut. He was baptized there along with his two sisters, Anne and Eunice, on the 31st of July 1748, the son of Timothy and Anne Culver.
On May 21st 1761 at the age of 20 years, Timothy enlisted for the Colonial Campaign in Captain Platt's Company of Suffolk County, New York. When he was about thirty years of age, he married a woman by the name of Rebecca Clark and by 1772, his first child, Rhoda was born.In 1773 Timothy and Rebecca were living near New Haven, Conn. when a second child was born to them, a son, Timothy Jr. Their third child Rebecca was born in 1774.
Timothy returned home to fmd that he had a new baby boy, for his fourth child Amasa had been born on the 1st of October 1775.
Timothy kept the home fires burning throughout the winter but with the coming of spring 1776, the longing for independence was in the air and so was war. Sergeant Timothy Culver had the fever to fight once again, on the 8th of April 1776 he enlisted as a sergeant for one year under Captain Parmalee and was attached to Co!. Elmore's regiment. This time he marched to the state of New York to a place called German Flats and raised the ''Piquet Forts."
German Flats was a town on the south bank of the Mohawk River, now in Herkimer County. At the time Timothy came to German Flats, there were already two stockade forts there which had been built in the French War, Fort Herkimer and Fort Dayton. There were about 70 dwellings near these forts, but during the Revolution, this area was repeatedly attacked. In 1776 another fort was built at Herkimer, north of the Mohawk. How long this fort existed or if it had any name, I cannot tell you. The word piquet is French fi>r picket or outpost and there were also strong blackhouses (blockhouses?) built in several other parts ofthe county at that particular time, so I supposed that is why Timothy refers to them as the "Piquet Forts" in his pension application.
Whatever had caused Timothy to be listed as a casualty certainly must have impaired him as he did not re-enlist for another year and three months after this incident, and his wounds caused him to become incapable of performing his duties as a sergeant. One would think he would have had enough of fighting by this time, but apparently it just added fuel to the fire, as he enlisted and signed up for the remainder of the war under Captain Judd, Colonel Samuel Willis' regiment. Timothy served under them until the fall of 1781 when he was injured carrying timber to build winter huts and fell with a heavy log on his shoulder, severely injuring his left leg. He was then transferred to the "Pennsylvania Invalid Regiment" under Col. Lewis Nicola and remained with his regiment until he was honorably discharged in April 1783. He had been badly hurt, suffered hardships, not to mention the emotional trauma he must have suffered from the effects ofwar. And this was a man who had been disowned by his family and friends for fighting for the American cause.
During the war years, two more children had been born to Timothy and Rebecca, two little girls, Luanna and Fanny. Some sources list two other children, Fred and Leander.
The next place we find Timothy living is in Freehold, Albany County, New York, in 1790. Freehold is a little southwest of the present city of Albany and is now in Green County. Shortly afterward, he moved on to the Cowanesque River Valley in Tioga County, Pennsylvania, where it is supposed that his wife died. No record has been found of her burial place.
He moved again to Buckville, Chemung County, New York, it having been named after Elijah Buck, one of its original owners. It was situated about a mile and a half from the mouth of Wynkoop Creek and was early made the nucleus for the lumbering interests. The town of Buck ville was situated in what is now known as Chemung. Here he met and married Mary Brink, born 18 March 1864, the daughter of James and Rachel Bunnell Brink. Mary was thirteen years younger than Timothy. It is likely that they were married about 1795 when we find Timothy purchasing the following items from Judge Gore at Sheshequin, here in Bradford County. The account of Timothy Culver, as entered in Judge Gore's ledger from April 29, 1795 to December 16, 1795: a set of knives and forks, sleeve buttons, a knife, whiskey and sundries. From the items that he purchased I would say that it is doubtless he had a wife at this time. Trade at that time was carried on almost exclusively by barter with folks paying for their items with rye, wheat, sugar, by making shoes, by flax, cats, powder, mending machinery, or whatever else they could do to pay off their debt. I found it interesting and highly unusual that Timothy paid exclusively in cash.
Timothy was a carpenter by occupation, but also had a reputation for being a noted hunter. It comes as no surprise that he [mally settled down in Sheshequin for it was almost entirely a settlement of Revolutionary War soldiers and it's beauty and rich farmland must have been very enticing. We know that he did a lot of building in the settlement and that he owned and occupied different properties. Here, at the age of 57 years, he fathered his first child by Mary Brink, a daughter named Charity, born on the 13th of April 1789.
In November 1800 Timothy signed a petition for the building of the river road from Elijah Horton's at the lower end of old Sheshequin to the main road leading to Judge Gore's to Arnold Franklin's being pretty much as the river road is now.
Timothy and Mary's second child was born here on the 1 st of August 1802, a son, James C. By this time the children of Timothy's first marriage were grown and having families of their own. His oldest child, Rhoda, had married Isaac Rawson in 1796 at Angelica, New York. His son, Timothy Jr., who had been in the valley of Delaware, had migrated north to Chenango County, New York where he met and married Fanny Beebe. Rebecca married Enos Slosson at Brown's Settlement, Newark Valley, New York and Amasa had married Hannah Coates. Fanny married William Allington and Luanna married Amasa Cook. In 1800 Timothy Jr. and his family were living near Timothy and Mary, their having made the trip to Towanda by canoe from Chenango County, New York but by 1804 they had moved on to Charleston Township in Tioga County, Pennsylvania where they settled and remained for the rest of their lives. Most of Timothy's children and grandchildren by his first wife eventually settled and stayed in Tioga County, P A.
Before Timothy Culver Sr. left the Sheshequin settlement, another child was born to him and Mary, a son Daniel Bunnell was born on the 19th of April 1807.
The settlers of the Sheshequin area had purchased their land under the Susquehanna Company's Connecticut title. When the Pennamite Wars were finally over and Pennsylvania had been given full rights to the land. Those who had purchased under the now defunct Connecticut title were allowed to repurchase their property and obtain a clear Pennsylvania deed to it.
The first such recorded deed of Timothy's was for 15 acres of land in what was then ''the town of Claverack, Luzerne County", now Wysox Township, Bradford County. He had paid Jonathan Starks $100 for a property lying along a lake on the old Claverack line on the 15th of June 1807.
His daughter Charity married a man by the name of David Thindy on the 28th of July 1816 and they had a daughter born of April of 1819.
Timothy had applied for a pension for the seven years that he had fought during the Revolution on the 15th of April 1818. The government for a time had decided though, that in order to receive a pension one had to be destitute. Timothy was 77 years old at this time. He had already raised one family, become badly injured during the war, and although Charity had married and left the nest, he still had a wife and two boys to raise, the youngest, Daniel, being 11 years old. Timothy had received a certificate from the government for 100 acres ofland coming to him for his service during the war. Unfortunately, he had entrusted his certificate for his land and his discharge papers to a man by the name of Dickenson. Mr. Dickenson got the 100 acres of land and Timothy never saw his discharge papers again. It is no wonder that he was applying for the assistance of his country for support under reduced circumstances.
Timothy apparently was not completely destitute, however, as five days after applying for a pension, he purchased 20 acres in Ulster Township (Sheshequin township) from Daniel Brink. The property was near Horn Creek. Here he lived for the remainder of his life in the Hornbrook Settlement.
He was granted a pension on the 20th of april 1819, one year after he had applied for it, receiving $8.00 per month or $96.00 per year for service of Sergeant in the Connecticut Continental Line. Among his pension papers is an inventory of Timothy's possessions where he has listed his household goods and farming implements. He states that he is a carpenter and that he had dependent children living with him; one son, 14 years old, which was his youngest, Daniel, and one granddaughter who was 17 months old. Charity's husband, David Thindy had died very young and the 17 month-old grandaughter living with Timothy was their child.
Timothy died at Hornbrook on the 1st of February 1829. He was 88 years old.
Timothy was buried in the old Hornbrook Cemetery in Sheshequin Township, Bradford County, Pennsylvania and a marker was erected for his grave by his grandson, Honorable Lafayette J. Culver. I find it interesting that the total sum Timothy received for his pension during his lifetime was $1,036.54. The inventory of his estate showed that the government still owed him $37.47 at the time of his death. His wife Mary and his son Daniel, who was just 18 at the time, signed the renunciation to be executors of his estate. Mary's signature is shaky, probably due to her age. I was surprised to find that she could write her name, a little unusual for a woman at that time. Mary died on the 25th of February 1845. There is no marker for her and although Clement Heverly says she was buried beside her husband, there is no proof of it. I have found, though, from a reliable source, that she was buried at Stevensville, Pennsylvania.