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STI 101 ... Get the Facts!

STI How Common is It? Common Symptoms and Information* Treatment
Chlamydia

Over 1 million cases are reported each year. The highest proportion of cases is among women aged 15 to 24 (www.cdc.gov).

Known as the "silent" STD because as many as 3/4 of the women and 1/2 of the men with the disease have no symptoms.
Men: Discharge from penis and burning during urination, and burning and itching around the opening of the penis.. Pain and swelling of the testicles
Women: Discharge from vagina, burning during urination, abdominal pain or pain during intercourse, cramps, and bleeding between menstrual cycles.

Curable.
Treatment: A dose of antibiotics.

Gonorrhea

Estimated 700,000 people in the U.S. get gonorrhea each year. The highest rates of women aged 15 to 24 and men aged 20 to 24 (www.cdc.gov).

Symptoms usually occur within 2-10 days after sexual contact with an infected partner.
Women: Bleeding associated with vaginal intercourse, painful or burning sensation when urinating, and/or vaginal discharge that is yellow or bloody.
Men: Pus from the penis and pain and/or a burning sensation during urination that may be severe.
Rectal Infection: Discharge, itching, occasional painful bowel movements with fresh blood on the feces.

Curable.
Treatment: A single dose of antibiotics, however if the infection is complicated, several doses may be necessary.

Syphilis

About 36,000 new cases are reported each year (www.cdc.gov).

Early symptoms can range from: Single chancre sore to a rash on the body that does not itch.
Later symptoms can include: Fever, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, weight loss, hair loss, muscle aches, and fatigue.

Curable.
Treatment: A single dose of penicillin.

Trich

An estimated 3.7 million people in the U.S. are infected with Trich (www.cdc.gov).

Often there are no symptoms. Women: who do experience symptoms, they may notice a frothy, smelly, yellowish-green vaginal discharge, and/or genital area discomfort.
Men: who have symptoms may temporarily have a discharge from the penis, slight burning after urination or ejaculation, and/or an irritation in the penis.

Curable.
Antibiotics are needed and both partners must be treated.

HPV/Genital Warts
(Human Papillomavirus)

More than 50% of sexually active people will get HPV at some point in their lives. There is an estimated 20 million people already infected with approximately 6 million new cases developing each year.

** HPV is spread through skin to skin contact, meaning, a condom will not always be able to protect you from contracting this disease. Even without a visible outbreak, the disease can still be spread between partners.**

Genital warts are the most common and most easily recognized symptom of HPV. However, many people can have HPV without ever having a genital warts outbreak.

There is no way to determine whether warts will grow or disappear.
Treatment can include:
TCA (trichloroacetic acid), various topical creams, cutting or freezing away the abnormal cells.

Herpes

About one in six people, at least 50 million people, are already infected with herpes.

Most people with herpes have no symptoms and are unaware of the infection.

Symptoms can include: Clusters of blisters, bumps and rashes in the genital area.

There is no cure for genital herpes.


Some prescription drugs may help to limit the number of outbreaks and the severity of the outbreaks.

Hepatitis B

Each year, an estimated 38,000 people are infected (most of which are acquired through sex.)

50% of Hepatitis B cases carry no symptoms.

Symptoms can include: Fever, fatigue, muscle or joint pain, loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting. Many confuse these symptoms with those of the flu.

Hepatitis B is a preventable disease-- through the use of a vaccine. Since sex is not the only way you can contract this disease, the vaccine is the best way to protect yourself.

HIV/AIDS

About 50,000 new infections occur each year, with an estimated 1.2 million people already living with HIV (www.cdc.gov).

On average, it takes up to 7-10 years to develop symptoms. However, with regular testing, the disease can be caught in its early stages.
The first symptoms of the disease include: swollen lymph glands in the armpit, throat, or groin, a slight fever, headaches, fatigue, and muscle aches.

There is currently no cure for HIV/AIDS.

* Symptoms vary between each person. All information provided is provided as general information only. Any medical information should not be treated as a substitute for the medical information received by visiting your doctor. You should ALWAYS seek the advice of a doctor regarding any personal health concerns or questions you may have regarding your medical care.

For more information on STD's and Smarter Sex, visit SmarterSex.org

Estimated Annual STI Rates in the U.S.
Click the picture for more information from the American Sexual Health Association.

Educate Yourself to Protect Yourself!
What's your risk?

Sexual Activity Some Possible Risks
Making Out Mouth Herpes (potentially contagious all of the time, but most contagious if there is an open sore)
Skin to Skin contact Genital Herpes, HPV/Genital Warts**
Oral Sex-- Giving or Receiving Genital Herpes, Gonorrhea, Hepatitis B*, HIV, Syphilis
Sexual (Vaginal) Intercourse HPV/Genital Warts**, Chlamydia, Genital Herpes, Gonorrhea, Hepatitis B*, HIV, Syphilis
Anal Sex Genital Herpes, HPV/Genital Warts**, Gonorrhea, Hepatitis B*, HIV, Syphilis
If you use a dental dam or a latex condom (male or female), your risk of contracting any of these STDs goes way down, but even condoms and dental dams don't make sexual activity 100% safe.

* Vaccine available.
** Vaccine is available that helps protect against 4 types of HPV that cause 90% of Genital Warts and 70% of Cervical Cancer cases.

 

Test Your STI Smarts-- take this quiz!

http://www.smartersex.org/quizzes/sti_quiz.asp

 

 

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