Latinos' economic output quantified
US Latino GDP is larger than that of all but 7 countries
(SAN DIEGO, Calif. – Sept. 26) Researchers from California Lutheran University’s Center for Economic Research and Forecasting and the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine released the 2019 Latino Development Collaborative U.S. Latino GDP Report today.
Highlights include the following:
- The total economic output, or gross domestic product, of Latinos in the U.S. was $2.3 trillion in 2017.
- If the Latino GDP was an independent country, it would have been the eighth largest in the world ahead of Brazil, Italy, Canada and Russia in 2017.
- Among the world’s 10 largest GDPs, the U.S. Latino GDP would be the third fastest-growing.
- Personal consumption was the single largest driver of rapid Latino GDP growth from 2010 to 2017. Comparing compound annual growth rates, Latino real consumption grew 72% faster than non-Latino consumption over that period.
- Latinos are significantly more likely to be actively working or seeking work than non-Latinos. Latino labor force participation is 67.4%, 5 percentage points higher than non-Latino participation.
- Despite constituting 18% of the U.S. population, Latinos are responsible for 82% of the growth in the labor force since the financial crisis.
- The U.S. Latino population is growing six times faster than that of non-Latinos.
- From 2007 to 2012, the number of Latino-owned businesses increased by 46% while the number of white-owned businesses shrank by 5%.
- Life expectancy for Latinos is more than three years longer than that of white non-Latinos.
- Latinos in poverty are less likely than non-Latinos to use income-transfer programs such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families.
- We expect that the economic growth premium that Latinos enjoy relative to non-Latinos in the U.S. will be maintained in the years ahead, given the population’s strong health profile, robust growth and high labor force participation along with strong increases in educational attainment, income and personal consumption.
The release of the U.S. Latino GDP Report kicked off L’Attitude, a four-day conference in San Diego examining the impact of Latinos on the economy and helping businesses tap into it.
This is the first update to the 2017 U.S. Latino GDP Report released by the LDC. The authors are Dan Hamilton and Matthew Fienup of Cal Lutheran’s CERF and David Hayes-Bautista and Paul Hsu of UCLA’s Geffen School of Medicine.
To learn more about CERF, visit CLUCerf.org.