Kirstie Hettinga, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor
(805) 493-3542
Swenson 242


Kirstie Hettinga joined the Cal Lutheran faculty in 2013. She earned her doctorate in mass communication from Penn State and her bachelor's and master's degrees from California State University, Fresno. Dr. Hettinga teaches courses in journalism and serves as the faculty adviser to the student newspaper, the Echo. Her research addresses news media, especially print journalism and its relationship with the Internet. She is particularly interested in issues regarding transparency and accountability.


Ph.D., The Pennsylvania State University, Communication

M.A., California State Univeristy, Fresno, Mass Communication

B.A., California State University, Fresno, Mass Communication & Journalism; Theater Arts


Hettinga, K. E., Clark, R. & Appelman, A. (2016) “Exploring the Use of Corrections on College Newspapers’ Websites.” College Media Review 53. 

Hettinga, K. E. (2015)  “It’s Not Like We’re The New York Times…” Media Ethics. 27(1)

Appelman, A. & Hettinga, K. E. (2015) "Do News Corrections Affect Credibility? Not Necessarily." Newspaper Research Journal. 

Hettinga, K. E. (2014) “Initial Reactions to the New SPJ Code of Ethics.” Media Ethics 26(1).

Hettinga, K. E. & Appelman, A. (2014) "Corrections of Newspaper Errors Have Little Impact."  Newspaper Research Journal 35(1).

Hettinga, K. E. (2013). "Obooma: A Case of Getting It Right."  Media Ethics 25(1). 

Hettinga, K. E. (2013). "Experiencing Error: How Journalists Describe What It's Like When The Press Fails." Journal of Mass Media Ethics 28(1). 

Hettinga, K. E. (2013) "50 Shades of Gray... In Newspaper Accuracy." Media Ethics 24(1).

Hettinga, K. E. & Hardin, M. (2010)."Student Editors Need Help In Learning How To Use Codes of Ethics." Media Ethics 22(1).

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