Glossary of Terms and Style Guide

Consistency in editorial style is as important as graphic consistency. The following guide indicates styles unique to California Lutheran University.

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Glossary of Terms

Term Definition
Abbreviations On second reference to academic units and organizations, avoid acronyms and initials where possible. Write the center, the institute or a shortened version of the organization's name. See academic degrees and cities and states.
Academic Degrees Consider whether an academic degree is needed to identify a person. Naming an occupation or describing expertise may suffice: cardiac surgeon, historian of science.

Use descriptions for most academic degrees: bachelor's degree in environmental science, Bachelor of Science in criminal justice, bachelor's in music production, doctorate in international relations, etc. Degree abbreviations are generally used after full names in lists and on first reference to alumni in publications principally for alumni.

A few widely known degree abbreviations are rarely spelled out: MBA, MD, PhD. Other abbreviations that are acceptable on all references include BA, BS, MA, MFA and MS.

Degree abbreviations are written without periods: DMA, EdD, PsyD (exception to AP style). When noting degrees of alumni on a first reference, include only the graduating year for bachelor's degrees, omitting BA and BS. Use a slash for joint degrees. See doctor, graduation years, and honorary alumni.

  • Caroline Cottom '64
  • Sara Wilson, MDiv '13
  • Steve Nguyen, MA '08, EdD '12, serves as director. (Note the commas.)
  • Sofia Alvaro, MA/MDiv '09

BA – Bachelor of Arts
BS – Bachelor of Science
MA – Master of Arts
MBA – Master of Business Administration (rarely spelled out)
MDiv – Master of Divinity
MFA – Master of Fine Arts (not usually spelled out)
MFT – master's in marriage and family therapy (Formally, the Cal Lutheran degree is a Master of Science in Counseling Psychology, but this is rarely used.)
MPPA – Master of Public Policy and Administration
MS – Master of Science
MSIT – Master of Science in Information Technology
DMA – Doctor of Musical Arts
EdD – Doctor of Education
JD – Juris Doctor
MD – Doctor of Medicine
PharmD – Doctor of Pharmacy
PhD – Doctor of Philosophy
PsyD – Doctor of Psychology

Academic Services Building

Houses the Center for Student Success, Disability Support Services, Registrar’s Office and Student Support Services. Formerly known as Kallas House in honor of founding faculty member James Kallas, a religion professor from 1961 to 1974 who once owned and lived in the house. (3259 Pioneer Ave.)


Not "advisor"

Afton Hall

Part of the Old West residence complex, named in honor of estate gift of Frank and Elna Afton. Ten suites provide housing to upperclass students. Built in 1976 and renovated in 2003. (3259 Pioneer Ave.)

Ahmanson Science Center

Dedicated in October 1988 and named for major donor The Ahmanson Foundation. Houses classrooms, faculty offices and laboratories for biology, chemistry and geology departments as well as Richter Lecture Hall, named in recognition of Roy Richter for gift from his wife, Colleen Richter, and their three children, Cal Lutheran alumni. (3260 Pioneer Ave.)

All Nations Plaza Located between the Hansen Administration Building and the Campus Store.
Alumni (Alumnus, Alumna, Alumnae)

The plural word for any group of male and female, or only male, graduates is alumni. The singular forms are alumnus for a man and alumna for a woman. Two or more female graduates are alumnae. Do not place these frequently used Latin loan words in italics; see italics.

The nongendered, colloquial forms alum and alums are acceptable unless a formal tone is desired.

Alumni Hall Built in 1962 as one of the original Centrum buildings designed by Los Angeles architect Jefferson Elmendorf and financed by Lutheran Brotherhood Fraternal Insurance Agency. The original library was remodeled and rededicated in 1985, and named in recognition of the Alumni Board of Directors’ fundraising efforts. The adult education center houses Graduate and Professionals Admissions and Telecommunications. (3439 Mountclef Blvd.)

Generally lowercase when used to modify a proper noun; annual meeting is always lowercase.

  • second annual Lustgarten Pancreatic Cancer Research Run/Walk

Report that sponsors plan to hold an event annually, but do not write “first annual.”

Apostrophes The plural forms of figures, such as years, and of proper nouns, including family names, do not take apostrophes in AP style: Since the 1980s, the Landrys have kept up with the Joneses. (Names ending in s and z add es to form the plural.) See graduation years and possessives.
Area Codes See telephone numbers.
Artwork Titles Write titles of exhibitions in roman with quotation marks. Italicize titles of art.
Associations and Organizations Capitalize the full title of associations. Lowercase partial references unless capitalization is required to avoid confusion.
Federal Bureau of Investigation; the bureau

The name of a speaker usually precedes the verb, but may follow it, especially if additional identification is required.

  • “That trip changed my life,” Garland said.
  • “That trip changed my life,” said Garland, a fourth-year student in biology.

Capitalize proper nouns. Lowercase words that are not part of an award's name.

  • Rhodes Scholar
  • Nobel laureate
  • Pulitzer Prize-winning author
Bachelor's Degree for Professionals Cal Lutheran's undergraduate program for part-time returning students and other post-traditional students.
Bell House Built in 1968 by A. Weir Bell, a biology professor who was one of the original faculty members, and his wife, Josephine, who left the house to Cal Lutheran in her estate. Houses the Graduate Psychology program. (3263 Pioneer Ave.)
Benson House An estate gift from Naomi Benson, the first campus nurse, houses Bachelor’s Degree for Professionals, Center for Nonprofit Leadership, and Continuing and Professional Education. (132 Faculty St.)
Blackbox Theatre The Blackbox Theatre is located in the Theatre Arts Building, which previously served as a gym/auditorium.
Board of Regents, Regents Capitalize the names of Cal Lutheran governing bodies. Lowercase board and regent as common nouns. See titles.
Boilerplate Approved text for all audiences used to describe a university program, school or division, often found in news releases. Allowing that the enrollment figure and other details may change, boilerplate for the university is as follows: Cal Lutheran is a selective university based in Thousand Oaks, California, with additional locations in Woodland Hills, Westlake Village, Oxnard, Santa Maria and Berkeley. With an enrollment of about 4,000 students, Cal Lutheran offers undergraduate and graduate programs through its College of Arts and Sciences, School of Management, Graduate School of Education, Graduate School of Psychology, School for Professional and Continuing Studies, and Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary. For more information, visit See California Lutheran University.
Brackets and Parentheses

Within direct quotations, use brackets to insert a word or phrase that aids the reader. Words in brackets may replace something omitted from the quotation. Elsewhere, use parentheses.

  • “I don’t see [the Rams] winning the Super Bowl this year,” he said.
  • At the time, she chose not to apply for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), a federal program.
Buildings and Campus Locations For names of locations on the main campus, consult the campus map.
Buth Park Buth Park, named for former history professor Dr. Wilfred Buth, hosts campus picnics and events.
California Lutheran College Cal Lutheran or CLC on second reference. Cal Lutheran’s full name from its incorporation in 1959 until Jan. 1, 1986. See California Lutheran University.
California Lutheran University Cal Lutheran is preferred on second reference. CLU is acceptable on second reference in writing for familiar audiences and may be necessary where space is limited, as in headlines. For some well-acquainted groups such as alumni, Cal Lu is acceptable. However, do not use “the Lu,” and do not write “Cal Lutheran University.” Lowercase university when used in place of the full name. See boilerplate. See email ( and web addresses. (
Cal Lutheran Identity Statement California Lutheran University is a diverse scholarly community dedicated to excellence in the liberal arts and professional studies. Rooted in the Lutheran tradition of Christian faith, the University encourages critical inquiry into matters of both faith and reason.
Cal Lutheran Mission The mission of the University is to educate leaders for a global society who are strong in character and judgment, confident in their identity and vocation, and committed to service and justice.
Cal Lutheran Vision California Lutheran University strives to be the best liberal arts university in the West.
Campus Lowercase. In references to Cal Lutheran locations, reserve campus for the main campus in Thousand Oaks; north campus and south campus are also lowercase. See center, north campus and Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary.
Campus Store Built in 1962 as one of the original Centrum buildings designed by Los Angeles architect Jefferson Elmendorf and financed by Lutheran Brotherhood Fraternal Insurance Agency. Refurbished in 209, the bookstore is operated by Follett Corp. (3445 Mountclef Blvd.)

Lowercase common nouns such as university, board and department

Academic majors and subject areas are lowercase except for proper nouns. 

Titles of individuals are lowercase except for proper nouns, some abbreviations and some formal titles given immediately before a name. See titles.

  • a third-year psychology major
  • master's degree in economics
  • the history faculty
  • the English department
  • the Department of Chemistry
  • head coach Isabel Manukian
  • center director Gwen Richards
  • associate professor Mark Tanselle

Of special note:

  • the Class of 2020
  • the classes of 2019 and 2020
  • Undergraduate Commencement
  • Graduate Commencement 
  • commencement
  • Los Angeles and Ventura counties
Center Lowercase as a common noun. May refer to 1) a Cal Lutheran satellite location where classes are held, as distinct from the main campus in Thousand Oaks, or 2) an academic unit that typically coordinates interdisciplinary or themed research, teaching and community outreach.
Centers of the first kind include the Woodland Hills Center, the Westlake Center (in Westlake Village), and the Oxnard Center. Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary in Berkeley, California, which houses comprehensive services for students, is not a “center.”
Centers of the second kind include the Center for Economic Research and Forecasting, Center for Equality and Justice, etc.
Note: Buildings and venues such as Soiland Humanities Center and the Soiland Recreation Center (inside Gilbert Sports and Fitness Center) are not referred to as “the center” on second reference.

Follow AP style by spelling out the numbers one to nine. Use hyphens in compoud modifiers. See dates and years.

  • throughout the fourth century
  • 12th century
  • 16th- and 17th-century ballads
CEO, Chief Executive Officer

CEO is acceptable on all references to a chief executive officer. Spell out chief financial officer and chief operating officer on first reference. CFO, COO and similar titles are acceptable on second reference.

Cities and States

Follow AP style by spelling out names of states:

  • Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • Cook County, Illinois

Names of U.S. and international cities that stand alone in AP news release datelines may also stand alone in stories. Consult the AP entry on datelines.

CLUnet Do not hyphenate.
Co- Retain the hyphen after the prefix when forming words that indicate occupation or status: coauthor, co-founded.
No hyphen in other combinations: coed, coexist.
College of Arts and Sciences Visit
Colons and Semicolons Following a colon, capitalize the first word of a complete sentence.
One use of semicolons is to separate elements in a series if some elements contain commas and cannot be re-ordered for clarity; in such cases, always include a semicolon before the final element in the series.

Use commas to separate elements in a series, but do not put a comma before the conjunction preceding the final element unless required for clarity.

  • a series of paintings in green, blue and red
  • three abstract paintings in green, blue and green, and red and white

Use commas after state and country names that are preceded by commas, and after years preceded by commas, in the absence of stronger punctuation such as a period. When an organization’s name includes a comma, follow the name with a comma.

  • The former roommates living in Ojai, California, and Siuna, Nicaragua, met by chance last year in Hong Kong.
  • Sept. 11, 1973, is etched in the memories of older Chileans.
  • He transferred from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, after one year of study.

A comma follows Washington, D.C., if it does not end a sentence. Use the added abbreviation only if the city might be confused with the state.

  • the Alabama senator’s Washington office
  • the West Coast politician’s Washington, D.C., staff

No comma before Jr.

  • Martin Luther King Jr.’s birthday

No comma before Inc., Co., Ltd., LLC, PC or PLLC in company names.


Lowercase unless the full names of events are given:

  • Graduate Commencement
  • Undergraduate Commencement
Conejo Hall Part of the Old West residence complex, the hall contains nine suites housing upperclass students. Built in 1976 and renovated in 2004. Named for the Conejo Valley. (3270 Campus Drive)
Conferences and Events Services Cal Lutheran is an ideal location for camps, conferences, workshops and seminars. Conferences and Events Services is responsible for the scheduling and setting up of special events on campus as well as contracts and services for conferences and camps.
Contractions There is no prohibition on standard contractions, such as they’re and wouldn’t, but use them sparingly where a formal tone is desired.
Convocation, Convocators Capitalize this governing body (exception to AP style); lowercase individual members.
  • The Convocators will meet on Founders Day.
  • Monty Clef is a convocator.
Counseling Services Center The Counseling Services Center is home to the Marriage, Family, Child Center and offers counseling to students, low-cost counseling to members of the community, and a counseling training program.
Course Names

Capitalize formal course titles. Use Arabic numerals and capitalize the subject when used with a numeral. Otherwise, lowercase academic subjects. See capitalization.

  • Current Issues in Marine Biology
  • Biology 101
  • biology
Cultural Movements and Styles Words referring to movements, styles and schools of thought are capitalized when they are derived from proper nouns or are used as specific historical designations. Such words are lowercased when used in a general descriptive sense.
  • Dali was one of the original Surrealists.
  • The fabric design contains few instances of surrealism.
D Building Houses computer laboratories, classrooms and faculty offices for the Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science departments. (3240 Pioneer Ave.)

Use em dashes or shorter en dashes to set off or separate phrases and clauses, with a space on either side of the dashes. For numerical ranges, use either en dashes or hyphens, without spaces. A rule of thumb followed in the Cultural Events semiannual calendar and elsewhere: In numerical ranges, hyphens connect “like” elements, while en dashes connect “unlike” elements. See hyphens.

  • He drove to Westfield Mall — he disliked the mall closer to home — to shop for a phone.
  • April 12-24
  • April 12, 12:30–2 p.m.
Dates and Years

Where the three elements appear together, month, day and year are written with a comma: Jan. 1, 2020.

  • The months from August to February are abbreviated with a numerical date.
  • If a comma precedes the year, another comma follows: He was born March 7, 1981, in Minneapolis.

Month and year are written without a comma, and the month is spelled out: January 2020. Decades do not have an apostrophe before the s: the 1980s, the '90s. 

See time of day and centuries.

Dining Commons The Dining Commons and other campus dining services are managed by Sodexo.
Doctor On first reference, Dr. is used before the name of an individual who holds a doctor of dental surgery, doctor of medicine, doctor of optometry, doctor of osteopathic medicine or doctor of pediatric medicine degree.
Do not use Dr. before the names of individuals with other doctoral degrees. Instead, indicate this specialty in the text: John Jones, who holds a doctorate in psychology, will speak at the university. When appropriate, use initials after the name to indicate an earned degree: John Jones, PhD.
Do not use Dr. before names of individuals who hold honorary doctorates. See academic degrees, honorary alumni.
Early Childhood Center See Fredrickson Family Early Childhood Center.

Use an ellipsis to indicate the omission of one or more words from direct quotes and texts. Leave one regular space on either side of an ellipsis in the middle of a sentence.

  • "This is a brand new day for the company my aunt founded," she said, "and we wouldn't be here ... without her wisdom and work ethic."
  • She began the speech, "This is a brand new day for the company ...."
ELS Classrooms & Learning Center The learning center with classrooms is located at 3214 Luther Ave. Additional classrooms and offices are located at 203 Faculty St., formerly known as Mattson House, which for a time served as home to the counseling center.
Email Use a hyphen with other e- terms: e-book, e-business, e-commerce. Cal Lutheran email addresses are given with uppercase C and L:
Enormous Luther Enormous Luther was created by Sir Bernardus Weber, Cal Lutheran professor emeritus of art, with help from his students. This modern art sculpture was unveiled in 1985 in Falde Plaza near the Pearson Library and Preus-Brandt Forum.
Entitled, Titled Use entitled to mean “having a right to something,” not with titles.
Esmay House Purchased by the university from James L. Esmay, the first dean of the School of Management who once owned and lived in the house. It currently houses the Upward Bound/TRIO programs offices. (3256 Luther Ave.)
Facility Operations and Planning Built in 2009. Also houses Campus and Auxiliary services. (3550 Campus Drive)
Faculty In references to individuals, faculty generally modifies another word: faculty members, faculty mentor, faculty adviser. A faculty comprises all the teachers of a school, college, university, department or division: the linguistics faculty, the religion and theology faculties.
Falde Plaza Falde Plaza was dedicated in 1983 in honor of Gaylerd Falde, a member of Cal Lutheran's first Board of Regents. This courtyard area in front of the Preus-Brandt Forum and Pearson Library complex is home to the Enormous Luther statue.
Fredrickson Family Early Childhood Center Dedicated in March 2011 replacing the House on the Hill preschool, which opened in 1975. The center was primarily funded by the Fredrickson and Overton families. (3450 Campus Drive)
Geeting Hall See K Building/Geeting Hall.
Geographic Terms In general, capitalize words designating regions of a continent or country when the designations imply a meaning larger than simple geographic descriptions.
Midwest; East Coast

Use lowercase for topographic terms that are used in the plural.
the Colorado and Nile rivers

Capitalize the fanciful names of cities and states.
the Windy City; the Golden State
George "Sparky" Anderson Baseball Field and Ullman Stadium The field is named in honor of the legendary major league manager who threw out the opening pitch on Jan. 28, 2006. The stadium surrounding the field was dedicated in March 2007 and named for major donors the Ullman family. (115 Overton Court)
Gilbert Sports and Fitness Center Dedicated in October 2006 and named in honor of Jack Gilbert, donor/regent/longtime friend. Major named venues in the center include Gilbert ArenaSoiland Recreation Center named in honor of regent/benefactor Marv Soiland; Forrest Fitness Center honoring a major gift received from estate of Arvis Forrest; Lundring Events Center named for alumnus/regent/major donor Karsten Lundring; and Hayashi Athletic Training Room honoring “Doc” Mel Hayashi, an orthopedic physician who served as team physician for many years. (130 Overton Court)
Grace Hall Constructed in 2005, the three-story 180-bed apartment-style residence hall includes suites with kitchens and one-person bedrooms. (3255 Luther Ave.)
Graduate School of Education Visit
Graduate School of Psychology Visit
Graduation Years

When noting graduation years of alumni, use an apostrophe, or closing single quote, before the year where this special character is supported. See academic degrees.

  • Ahmed Haddad, EdD ’15
Hansen Administration Center Built in 1962 as one of the original Centrum buildings designed by Los Angeles architect Jefferson Elmendorf and financed by Lutheran Brotherhood Fraternal Insurance Agency. Originally occupied by the Bank of A. Levy, now houses Administration and Finance. Dedicated in August 1983 and named in honor of gifts received from Clarence and Del Hansen. (3485 Mountclef Blvd.)
Hanson House Former residence built in 1978 now home to School of Management. (3203 Pioneer Ave.)
Head Coach, Coach Lowercase.
Health Care Two words in all uses.
Hispanic-Serving, Hispanic-Serving Institution Capitalize Hispanic-Serving Institution (HSI) only in references to the U.S. Department of Education designation. The capital S is an exception to the usual practice of lowercasing words that immediately follow a hyphen.
Homecoming Acceptable on all references to the annual Cal Lutheran event. Also: Homecoming and Family Weekend.
Honorary Alumni versus Honorary Degrees

Honorary alumnus/alumna is a designation created by the Alumni Board of Directors to recognize individuals who have not received a degree, actual or honorary, from Cal Lutheran, but who deserve special recognition for contributions to the university or alumni community. Not to be confused with an honorary degree, the designation is noted by an H and the year of the recognition by the alumni board.

  • Todd Martin, H’10, moderated the panel discussion.

Honorary degrees are approved by the faculty and awarded with the full endorsement of the university. All references to honorary degrees should specify that the degree was honorary. Never use “Dr.” before the name of an individual whose only doctorate is honorary. See doctor.
L.H.D. is the abbreviation for Doctor of Humane Letters, one of the honorary degrees historically awarded by Cal Lutheran.
LL.D. is the abbreviation for Doctor of Laws, another degree the university has awarded.
In an exception to the guidance in academic degrees, use the periods. For clarity, the abbreviation and year are followed by the Latin phrase honoris causa.

  • Wendy Rodriguez, LL.D. ’07 honoris causa
  • Wendy Rodriguez, who received an honorary Doctor of Laws from Cal Lutheran in 2007, moderated the panel discussion.
Hutton Softball Field Dedicated in March 2008 and named in honor of major contributor The Hutton Foundation. (149 Overton Court)

Use hyphens in compound modifiers when necessary to prevent confusion.

  • stem cell research
  • small-business conference

Use a hyphen where its omission would result in ambiguity.

  • He recovered his health.
  • He re-covered the leaky roof.

No hyphen in African American (all uses), Asian Americans (noun), etc.
Use hyphens or en dashes for numerical ranges, without spaces.

  • 32-35 inches
  • 32.5–35 inches

See co-, email and -wide. Consult AP style on hyphens with prefixes and suffixes.

Internet Lowercase. The web is a subset of the internet. They are not synonymous and should not be used interchangeably in stories.

In news releases and media alerts, follow AP style by using only plain text and no italics. Quotation marks serve where necessary to indicate foreign words and composition titles in releases.
Elsewhere, italicize titles of stand-alone works such as books, feature films, plays, albums, radio and television series, and art exhibitions. Short films, chapters, one-act plays, songs and works in a series take quotation marks instead. See quotation marks.
Italicize foreign words and, where appropriate, include the English translations in parentheses.

  • l’Ordre national du Mérite (National Order of Merit)

Do not italicize commonly used foreign words that have been adopted into English usage.

  • summa cum laude
  • pro bono
  • alma mater
  • faux pas

Italics may also be used to emphasize a word or phrase. They may distinguish a supplementary block of copy from the main body of an article, as with a brief note on a writer or interview subject, a block quotation, or directions to a venue.
In a block of copy already in italics, use plain text for words that would appear in italics elsewhere.

  • Gill is the author of Drinking From Love's Cup: Surrender and Sacrifice in the Vārs of Bhai Gurdas Bhalla (2016).

Set conference names and festival names in plain text with no quotation marks.
Musical compositions identified by sequence are not italicized.

  • Mozart’s Symphony No. 32 in G major
Janss Hall Part of the Old West residence complex named in honor of the Janss family, early landholders in Thousand Oaks and the Conejo Valley and generous supporters of CLC. Built in 1976 and renovated in 2002, the co-ed hall houses upperclass students. (3257 Campus Drive)
K Building/Geeting Hall Built in 1962 and renovated in 2010 to house the Geeting Hall music rehearsal room. (145 Memorial Parkway)
Kallas House See Academic Services Building.
KCLU Broadcast Center Built in 2010, home of KCLU-FM Radio includes the Paulucci Studios named for Joe and Pat Paulucci, the Martin V. and Martha K. Smith Education Suite and a community room/performance space. (3500 Campus Drive)
Kingsmen Park and Regals Way Kingsmen Park is the heart of the Cal Lutheran campus. Each summer, the park becomes an amphitheatre for Kingsmen Shakespeare Festival performances. Regals Way bordering Kingsmen Park is the main north/south walkway through the campus known as the academic corridor.
Kramer Court Apartment-style units completed in fall 1961 and named for donors J. Henry Kramer and his wife. (3239 Regent Ave.)
Kwan Fong Gallery of Art and Culture Donated by the Kwan Fong Charitable Foundation founded by former regent and artist Maria Lee and Cantonese opera singer Katie Yang. Located in the Soiland Humanities Center, the gallery hosts exhibitions by nationally recognized artists as well as CLU faculty and students.
Leland House Leland House is one of several residential homes adjacent to campus that provide housing for Cal Lutheran students.
Los Angeles L.A. is acceptable on second reference and in headlines. Use the periods without spaces (exception to AP style).
Luedtke Bridge Paid for by an anonymous donor, the pedestrian bridge over Olsen Road was renovated in 2006 and dedicated in honor of President Luther S. Luedtke and Carol Luedtke in recognition of their 14 years of dedicated service to the University.
Luther Statue Cal Lutheran's landmark statue of Martin Luther was a gift to the University by the first graduating class of 1964. Designed by art professor emeritus Sir Bernardus Weber, the modern art sculpture was unveiled in Falde Plaza in 1985.
Magazine Titles Italicize the titles of magazines. Italicize and capitalize the words the and magazine (before and after the name, respectively) only when they are part of the official title.
Mattson House See ELF Classrooms & Offices.
Ministers and Priests Follow AP Style by using the Rev. on first reference; do not omit the article the. Do not use curate, father, pastor and similar words before an individual's name, but identify a Catholic priest as such in the context.
Mogen Hall Known as the University Apartments when its doors opened in 2000 and later renamed in honor of Mary Mogen’s trust and annuity program. (3265 Luther Ave.)
Mount Clef Stadium Mount Clef Stadium is the former home to the Kingsmen football team. The last game in the stadium was played on Nov. 13, 2010, with a 24-0 shutout win over Occidental College. (See William Rolland Stadium and Gallery of Fine Art)
Mount Clef, Mountclef Write Mount Clef as two words in the following: Mount Clef Ridge, Mount Clef Stadium, Mount Clef Hall. Write Mountclef as one word in Mountclef Boulevard, in accordance with Thousand Oaks street signage.
Music Titles Italicize the titles of long musical works (operas, tone poems, oratorios, concertos, symphonies, sonatas, etc.). Compositions identified by sequence are not italicized: Mozart's Symphony No. 32 in G major. Write titles of songs and short musical compositions in roman within quotation marks.
Names Provide the full, official names of people, organizations, brands and buildings on first reference. Passing references to some organizations, brands and buildings that are not integral to the story may allow for the use of a recognizable shortened form, nickname or abbreviation such as the Valley or the Reagan Library. See additional entries on names.
Names of Buildings

For names of locations on the main campus, consult the campus map.

Names of Organizations

Use the full names of most organizations on first reference, as preferred by the organization. Exceptions to AP style adopted here include many of the colleges and universities in California’s public systems:

  • CSU Northridge
  • UCLA
  • UC Riverside

Lowercase the article the before a proper name unless it is included in the formal name.

  • The Grammy Museum
  • Whitney Museum of American Art
  • AARP
  • The Wall Street Journal
  • the Los Angeles Times

Do not use all caps in a name unless it’s an acronym.

  • Best Buy
  • PETA

Do not use TM or ® symbols in the name of a company or brand.

Names of People

On first reference: Generally, an individual’s preference supersedes other sources. Avoid using middle initials unless the individual has a preference or the omission could cause confusion. The use of initials has been more common in the full names of board members and senior administrators. Use periods with no spaces between initials in names: E.F. Hutton. Do not use commas before Jr. and Sr. The abbreviations for junior and senior appear only with full names: Martin Luther King Jr.

On second reference: Omit titles before names: Chaudhury, not “professor Chaudhury.” On second reference to adults, use last names or family names, or follow a relevant cultural practice. On second reference to children, use first names or given names, or follow a relevant practice.

New West Complex Built in 1979, the coed complex includes North, South, Potenberg and West halls. (Campus Drive)
North Campus The designation for the portion of the Thousand Oaks main campus north of Olsen Road is lowercase. Avoid references to "south campus." See campus.
North Hall One of the original New West residence halls constructed in 1979. The coed facility has 17 suites. (3289 Campus Drive)

Generally, write out the numbers one to nine and use figures for 10 and up.
Use figures for ages.

  • at age 5
  • the 3-year-old

Use figures for dollar amounts and measurements.

  • $3 million grant
  • 3-inch plywood

See percentages.

Nygreen Hall Academic building, dedicated in April 1973, with lecture hall, classrooms and faculty offices. Honors the Nygreen family and gifts from Maria Nygreen of Los Angeles and her sister Anne E. Johnson. (130 Memorial Parkway)
Old West Complex The first major expansion of dorm facilities was designed to serve as condos for senior citizens due to concern about future student population. The complex includes Conejo, Janss, Afton and Rasmussen halls. (Campus Drive)
Olson Gazebo Olson Gazebo, located in Kingsmen Park, was dedicated in 1981 in honor of the parents of former Cal Lutheran President Raymond Olson.
Orville Dahl Centrum The name honoring the founder of the California Lutheran Educational Foundation and the university’s first president refers to the original complex of buildings located on a 12-acre site between Memorial Parkway and Olsen Road.
Overton Hall Overton Hall serves as a conference room, classroom, recital hall and music practice room.
Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary Acceptable on all references to Pacific Lutheran Theological Seminary of California Lutheran University, the rarely used full name. On second reference, the seminary, the theological seminary and PLTS are acceptable. Avoid referring to the seminary’s downtown Berkeley location as a “campus.” PLTS is not a “center.” See center.
Parentheses See brackets and parentheses.
Pearson Library Dedicated in April 1985 and named in honor of Clifford and Alma Pearson for their major trust and annuity gifts. Houses Information Technology Services, the Elton and Janice Gallegly Center for Public Service and Civic Engagement, conference and study rooms, and the Writing Center. (135 Chapel Lane)
Pederson Administration Building Built in 1962 as one of the original Centrum buildings designed by Los Angeles architect Jefferson Elmendorf and named for Richard Pederson who donated the land for the university. Houses the President’s office, Academic Affairs, University Advancement, Marketing & Communications, Office of Mission and Identity, and Community Relations. (60 W. Olsen Road)
Pederson Hall Completed in 1961 and originally named Alpha Hall. Renamed in 1975 in honor of pioneer donors Richard and Ruth Pederson. (3253 Mountclef Blvd.)
Pederson Ranch House (Alumni House) Built in 1913 by the Pederson family, the house and water tower were designated a Ventura County Historical Landmark in 1978. Renovated and moved to its current location in 1986, it now houses the Music Department. (3201 Regent Ave.)

Use numerals with the symbol % for percentages, except in casual usage. Do not use % for percentage points.

  • 5% less than last year
  • 22% less than last year
  • a decline of seven percentage points
  • a decline of 10 percentage points

Watch your terms and your math. The change from 60% to 45% is a drop of 15 percentage points. It also a drop of 25%. It is absolutely not a “15% decrease.”
For values above 100%, avoid expressions that employ percentages, which often lead to confusion. For example, an increase in the amount of 300% is better expressed as a four-fold increase. See numerals.

Peters Hall Dedicated in October 1981 in honor of an estate gift of Magda Peters. Houses School of Management classrooms and faculty offices. (140 Memorial Parkway)
Pioneer House Former residence now occupied by School of Management offices. (3275 Pioneer Ave,)
Plurals of Letters and Numbers Form the plural of numbers, decades and multiple letters by adding s: the 1980s, ABCs, IOUs

Form the plural of single letters by adding 's: the three R's, mind your p's and q's
Poem Titles Italicize the titles of collections of poetry and long poems. Use roman within quotation marks for titles of short poems.

The possessive form of it is its; it’s is a contraction of “it is.”

Possessives generally take apostrophes. Forming them can be confusing, however, particularly when nouns end in s. For plural nouns ending in s, add only an apostrophe: visitors’ entrance. For proper names ending in s, whether singular or plural, add only an apostrophe: Weiss’ memoir. For singular common nouns ending in s, add ’s: the campus’s new sculpture garden, the witness’s story.

Potenberg Hall

Built in 1989 as part of the New West complex and originally called East Hall. The coed hall with 17 suites was renamed in 1993 to honor Esther and Florence Potenberg. (3285 Campus Drive)

Poulson Tennis Center Dedicated in February 2009 in recognition of longtim regent Ron Poulson and his wife, Sue. (75 Overton Court)
Preus-Brandt Forum Dedicated in April 1985 and made possible by Linka Preus Johnson, an early registrar of the college. Seats 200 for drama productions, campus meetings and special events. (135 Chapel Lane)
Quad Avoid this unofficial name for the area near the flagpoles between Soiland Humanities Center and Nygreen Hall.
Quotation Marks

Place quotation marks around direct quotations; the titles of components of stand-alone works, such as book chapters; and titles of articles in academic journals or magazines, individual episodes of television series, songs, poems, lectures and speeches. In news releases and media alerts, where only plain text is used, quotation marks are also used for stand-alone works and unfamiliar foreign terms. See italics.

The period and the comma always go within quotation marks. The dash, the semicolon, the question mark and the exclamation point go within the quotation marks when they apply to the quoted matter only. They go outside when they apply to the whole sentence.

Race and Ethnicity

African American, black, white, Latino, Latina/o and Hispanic are acceptable designations, among many others. After carefully considering whether identification by a category such as race is helpful in context, respect an individual’s preferred term if a preference is expressed. Be specific when possible about heritage, especially when writing about individuals. Consult multiple sources on the precise meanings of labels, which in practice are frequently ignored. Do not include a hyphen in Asian American, Mexican American, etc.

  • African American studies
  • oral histories of Vietnamese Americans

See Hispanic-serving.

Rasmussen Hall Opened in 1976 as part of Old West complex and renovated in 2001. The 10-suite coed hall for upperclass students was named to honor Marian Rasmussen and her sister Doris (Rasmussen) Brummett for their charitable gifts. (3265 Campus Drive)
Samuelson Aquatics Center Dedicated in April 1991 and named in honor of Raphael Adolphus Samuelson, an original CLU fellow and a strong supporter of the church and the university. Stained glass windows designed and installed by 1972 alumnus Mark Gulsrud. Borg Petersen Memorial Organ dedicated in October 1991, donated by Paul Petersen in his wife’s memory. (165 Chapel Lane)
Samuelson Chapel Dedicated in April 1991 and named in honor of Raphael Adolphus Samuelson, an original CLU fellow and a strong supporter of the church and the university. Stained glass windows designed and installed by 1972 alumnus Mark Gulsrud. Borg Petersen Memorial Organ dedicated in October 1991, donated by Paul Petersen in his wife’s memory. (165 Chapel Lane)
Scandinavian Cultural Center The former residence contains an extensive collection of historical and cultural documents and artifacts available for viewing by the public during designated hours. Center also houses Educational Effectiveness and Institutional Research offices. (26 Faculty Drive)
Scholar, Scholarship Capitalize in named titles and awards such as Fulbright Scholar, Fulbright Scholarship, Presidential Scholar and Presidential Scholarship.
School for Professional and Continuing Studies Note: for, not "of"


School of Management Visit
SEEd Project Garden In September 2010, Cal Lutheran established a SEEd Project Garden on campus. The garden provides opportunities for students to directly engage in the University's sustainability efforts and supports the nationwide movement that encourages people to purchase local produce. The garden also contains the Fry Family Outdoor Classroom.
Semester Lowercase fall semester and spring semester. Capitalize Fall 2018, etc. Semesters divide the year in two, and there is no “summer semester.”
Soiland Humanities Center Dedicated in February 1998 and named in recognition of Marvin Soiland’s 30 plus years of service as a regent and benefactor. In addition to classrooms, faculty offices and conference rooms, the complex encompasses Overton Hall, a recital and multipurpose room named in tribute to Paul and Naomi Overton; the Kwan Fong Gallery of Art and Culture­ donated by the Kwan Fong Charitable Foundation founded by former regent and artist Maria Lee and Cantonese opera singer Katie Yang; and Uyeno Amphitheatre, an outdoor space named for Japanese educator/businessman Yutaka Uyeno. (120 Memorial Parkway)
South Hall Constructed in 1979 as one of the original residence halls in the New West complex, the 17-suite coed hall was renovated in 2005. (3281 Campus Drive)
Spies-Bornemann Center for Education and Technology Spies-Bornemann Center for Education and Technology incorporates a distance learning classroom, television studio, model laboratory and offices for the Graduate School of Education faculty. The $6.2 million, 23,000-square-foot facility, designed to afford maximum interaction between students and faculty, houses undergraduate, professional and graduate programs.
States See cities and states.
Student Union Built in 1962 as one of the original Centrum buildings designed by Los Angeles architect Jefferson Elmendorf and financed by Lutheran Brotherhood Fraternal Insurance Agency. The original cafeteria served as the dining commons until the Ullman Commons opened in 2014 on the previous student union site. The renovated building reopened in November 2015. In addition to being a central gathering place, it houses Student Affairs, Student Life, Student Employement, student government, Ahmanson Veteran Resource Office, Career Services, Experiential Learning, Center for Cultural Engagement and Inclusion, Roth Nelson Conference Room, and Wellness Resources and Recreational Sports. (3391 Mountclef Blvd.)
Suffix -wide No hyphen before the suffix: campuswide, statewide, universitywide
Swenson Center for the Social and Behavioral Sciences The first LEED-certified (silver level) building on campus houses faculty offices, classrooms, the Sarah W. Heath Center for Equality and Justice, and The Echo student newspaper. Dedicated in 2010 and named in honor of major donors Jim and Sue Swenson. (141 Faculty St.)
Telephone Numbers

Use hyphens in seven- and 10-digit phone numbers. It is also acceptable to enclose area codes in parentheses instead of using a hyphen (exception to AP style); this style is preferred by Cal Lutheran's marketing division. For internal Cal Lutheran audiences, four-digit extensions may be given alone preceded by x.

  • 805-493-2411
  • (805) 493-2411
  • x2411
The Habit Burger Grill at the Centrum Built in 1962 as one of the original Centrum buildings designed by Los Angeles architect Jefferson Elmendorf and financed by Lutheran Brotherhood Fraternal Insurance Agency. The original bookstore has seen several renovations and multiple uses including, most recently, housing the Centrum Cafe with patio seating and a fire pit. In 2019 it was renovated and reopened by the popular fast-food chain The Habit Burger Grill. (3427 Mountclef Blvd.)

Not "theatre" except in proper names so spelled.

  • Black Box Studio Theatre
  • Department of Theatre Arts and Dance
  • bachelor's in theater arts and dance
Theatre Arts Building The Butler building brought to campus from the Camarillo Airport in 1962 served as gym/auditorium until construction of Gilbert Sports and Fitness Center in 2006. Now houses the Theatre Arts and Dance Department, Black Box Theatre and the mail room. (141 Memorial Parkway)
Thompson Hall Completed in 1961 to house female students. Originally called Beta Hall, it was renamed in 1975 to honor Clarence and Dagny Thompson. (3203 Mountclef Blvd.)
Time of Day

Use figures: 1 p.m., 12:15 a.m.; noon and midnight are exceptions.

Do not repeat a.m. and p.m. in ranges unless needed for clarity: 9-11 a.m., from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m.

Avoid such redundancies as "10 a.m. this morning."


For titles of individuals, capitalize proper nouns, honorifics and abbreviations such as the Rev., Sen., Lt. Gen. and CEO, and a few formal titles given immediately before a name. When in doubt about the formality of a title, lowercase it. After a name, most titles are spelled out and lowercase. For clarity, place long titles after names. The full name of an endowed chair is a proper noun, and so is the full name of a school, department or center.

  • Gerhard Apfelthaler, dean of the School of Management
  • Gerhard Apfelthaler, the dean of the school
  • Dean Gerhard Apfelthaler
  • associate professor Rachel Casas
  • Casas, an associate professor of psychology
  • Wanda Jackson, founder, president and CEO
  • Sen. Kamala Harris
  • Kamala Harris, the U.S. senator from California

Omit titles before names on second reference: Chaudhury, not “professor Chaudhury.” See capitalization and entitled, titled.

Trinity Hall Dedicated in fall 2009, the 220-bed residence hall features classrooms, six- and four-bedroom suites, and studio apartment. (3275 Campus Drive)
Ullman Commons/Conference Center Dedicated in October 2014 and named for major contributor the Ullman family foundation. Houses Starbucks and Jack's Corner, named to honor donor/regent Jack Gilbert. (101 Memorial Parkway)
Undergraduate Admission and Financial Aid Built in 2009. (3273 S. Campus Drive)
Undocumented Immigrant Not “illegal immigrant,” which is imprecise and insulting. Illegal immigration is acceptable where the context warrants.
University Lowercase except in proper names.
University Plaza University Plaza is located between Gilbert Sports and Fitness Center and William Rolland Stadium and Gallery of Fine Art.
Web Addresses In most web addresses, do not include http://, https:// or www. The final forward slash is not needed in web addresses. Addresses in Cal Lutheran’s domain are given with uppercase C and L:
Welcome Center Built in 1962 as one of the original Centrum buildings designed by Los Angeles architect Jefferson Elmendorf and financed by Lutheran Brotherhood Fraternal Insurance Agency. Originally a post office and communication services center, the building now houses Campus Safety and Human Resources in addition to serving as a welcome and information center. (3471 Mountclef Blvd.)
West Hall The 17-suite coed facility constructed in 1979 was one of the original residence halls in the New West complex. (3297 Campus Drive)
William Rolland Art Center Home to the Multimedia and Art departments with computer labs, video and audio editing suites, virtual reality and video production studio, and gallery space for student work. Opened in fall 2017 next to William Rolland Stadium and Gallery of Fine Art and named for the same benefactor. (3350 Campus Drive)
William Rolland Stadium and Gallery of Fine Art Dedicated in October 2011 and named for real estate developer/retired firefighter and major contributor William Rolland. (160 Overton Court)
Woken Walk Woken Walk, a gift of Milt and Mary Woken, is a trail along the riparian corridor behind the athletics complex. Dedicated in October 2009, the walk begins at Mountclef Boulevard and ends near the Riparian Building.
Zimmerman Music Studios Dedicated during CLU’s 40th anniversary celebration in 1991 to honor C. Robert Zimmerman, a founding faculty member and the first chair of the Music Department. (3251 Regent Ave.)